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Nikita Pustosvyat. The dispute about faith is a picture of the famous Russian artist Vasily Grigoryevich Perov. The canvas was created between 1880 and 1881, but the story that it tells about happened on June 5, 1682.
In the center of the picture is a simple Orthodox priest Nikita Pustosvyat, who came to the Faceted Chamber of the Moscow Kremlin in order to take part in a dispute about faith. This dispute was started by him, but by the persons present in the picture of the characters - Princess Sophia, senior priests and courtiers, it is clear that they are not interested in claims to the church, as well as the church itself.
Nikita Pustosvyat accuses priests of total ignorance that the holy sayings used by them are just words, the meanings of which they practically do not understand.
The priest is dressed in a simple cassock, belted with a piece of twine, on his head is a black headdress, his body position is half-bent, in his hands is a scroll. Despite the fact that the person in the picture is in a servile pose, it is clearly visible that he is ready to fight for his beliefs to the very end.
People surrounding the priest are turned with their backs to the viewer and are on their knees, with the exception of representatives of the higher clergy and the princess herself.
The picture was painted in dark colors, it presents the final moment of heated discussions. People's faces are tired, estranged, it is clear that everyone remained with their own opinion.
The completion of this story by the artist was not shown. The historical reality itself is depicted by the painter more than impartially, the canvas does not show what the artist’s real feelings are, it is not known how he relates to what is happening.
From historical sources it is known that Nikita Pustosvyat came out victorious from the dispute he had begun. But the very next day, after the events reflected on the canvas occurred, the village priest was captured and executed by order of the reigning family.
The arguments of the mind turned out to be powerless before the use of physical force and ignorance, from which many priests of the described period of history really did not suffer, who did not have the literacy and understanding of what they were saying, but who undertook to teach others.
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